It is estimated that the pelvic prolapse, or sagging pelvic organs, affects more than 50% of women who have had a natural birth, with a higher incidence in women between 60 and 69 years.
It is, along with urinary incontinence, dysfunction more common in women and although it does not affect the vital prognosis pelvic floor, seriously affects their quality of life. Only in 21% of cases of pelvic prolapse severe symptoms are noticed and in some situations require medical intervention.
The pelvic prolapse is a pelvic floor dysfunction consisting of the descent of the pelvic organs (bladder, rectum, uterus or bowel) and is produced by the failure of the clamping mechanisms thereof. The main factors that favor the appearance of this disease are, in addition to the constitution individual every women, pregnancy and childbirth, aging, obesity, constipation, smoking and pelvic surgeries.
Symptoms of pelvic prolapse
The feeling of pelvic lumps, have difficulty urinating and alterations in the emptying of the bladder or suffer limitations in the development of sexual intercourse, among other symptoms, are reasons alert to attend the consultation of the urologist or gynecologist. It is estimated that over 50% of women do not consult a specialist.
Treatment of pelvic organ prolapse
In many cases, being a slight pelvic prolapse, the patient is recommended a series of exercises and avoid making great efforts , such as lifting or be long standing. However, when the prolapse is more advanced stages, there are still solutions that enable women to improve their quality of life and help them regain the fullness in their sexual relationships.
In addition to regular care and monitoring, there are various treatments of pelvic organ prolapse that patients can return to their quality of life. The reconstructive surgery, often with use of transvaginal mesh, has superior efficacy to 85% and its use is widespread due to the improvement that has led to its introduction in reconstructive surgery. This is a small polypropylene mesh, macroporous, monofilament, and low weight, which is normally used vaginally inside the pelvic floor. The objective of this procedure is to replace the damaged tissue of the patient and thus get hold their pelvic organs. This intervention, but require hospitalization, short stay and is minimally invasive.